Breeder queens and grafting stock originate from VP Queens in Frederick, Maryland, and are artificially inseminated. VP Allegro queens are framed on the Italian phenotype, and build quickly in the spring and can be split sooner. They rear a strong brood into the fall with high VSH expression.
VP Spartan queens are framed on the Carniolan phenotype, and build up more slowly while producing enormous nests and workers in time for the honey flow. They slow down if the nectar or pollen availability drops, and make a conservative fall brood with high VSH expression. Clipped or marked Italian queens are just $35.